Year 12 Subjects – Geography

Level: Stage 2
Subject Name: Geography
Prerequisites: None
Assumed knowledge: None

Course Summary:

Stage 2 Geography is a 20-credit subject that consist of the following content:

  • The transforming world
  • Fieldwork

The transforming world introduces students to the changes taking place across human and physical environments. Students examine the characteristics and causes of changes in environmental, social, and economic systems and study their effects and implications. They become aware of the interconnectedness of the changes and links across each of the three systems. Through the study of environmental change, students develop their understanding of the impact of people on ecosystems and our role in climate change. Students examine social and economic change and develop their understanding of population trends and movements, the growth and impact of globalisation and localisation, and global patterns of inequality.

Students undertake independent fieldwork on a local topic or issue of personal interest. The selected fieldwork must enable students to collect primary data using a wide range of data-collection techniques, and develop their skills of geographical inquiry and analysis. Students use a range of graphical presentations to support their findings and conclusions.

Course content:

The transforming world focuses on the following five topics, which are organised under the two themes of environmental change and social and economic change.

Theme 1: Environmental Change

  • Topic 1: Ecosystems and people
  • Topic 2: Climate change

Theme 2: Social and Economic Change

  • Topic 3: Population change
  • Topic 4: Globalisation
  • Topic 5: Transforming global inequality


The following assessment types enable students to demonstrate their learning in Stage 2 Geography.

School assessment (70%)

  • Assessment Type 1: Geographical Skills and Applications (40%)
  • Assessment Type 2: Fieldwork Report (30%)

External assessment (30%)

  • Assessment Type 3: Examination

Students provide evidence of their learning through six assessments, including the external assessment component. Students complete:

  • Four geographical skills and applications tasks
  • One fieldwork report
  • An examination